Artículos

Передвижение ассимилятов в картофеле

Динамика распределения ассимилятов между листвой и клубнями на протяжении жизненного цикла картофеля.

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Выработка и процентное распределение сухого вещества, производимого картофельной культурой (сортом Рассет Бурбанк)

На этапе формирования урожая клубней картофелю для накопления углеводов требуются высокие температуры в дневное время (от 18 до 20°C) и более низкие температуры в ночное время (от 12 до 14°C). Данный температурный режим помогает накапливать сухое вещество благодаря усиленной выработке углеводов и минимизировать расход углеводов при дыхании. Непосредственно после выработки углеводов они переносятся в различные органы через флоэму. Главную роль в данном процессе играют магний и бор, но особенно калий.

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Калий является главным осмотическим регулятором растений и непосредственно участвует в потоке ассимилятов через флоэму.

Магний, бор и особенно калий являются основными элементами, которые обеспечивают возможность передвижения углеводов из листьев в клубни.

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